onsdag, juni 02, 2010

PLO


This day in 1964 PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) was founded.
Between 1969 and 2004 Yasser Arafat was the Chairman of the PLO Executive Committee, succeeded by Mahmoud Abbas.
What have they achieved?

Well I'm not going to answer that question as this is a highly complicated issue.
What we can notice - purely objectively - is that the Palestinians have not achieved their goal of a state of their own.
This is due not only to the conflict between Israel and Palestine but due to the fact that these two countries have been used as pawns in the international politics.
When we had two major superpowers in the world (USA and the Sovjet Union) they used these - and other - countries to create allies and support for their political power in the world, as we all know.
The conflict is also aggravated by the fact that we talk about two ethnic groups with not only a legitimate demand for a country of their own (Israel created in 1948) but also with a strong historic-religious bond to the land where they live.
Historically it's not that easy to determine what country should have precedence to this part of the world, even though both Palestinians and Israelis claim the right to the land or parts of it.
The historical conflict has unfortunately lasted for more than the 60 years we now are talking about and it seems not to have any obvious solutions and when people on both side become more and more fanatic and fundamentalistic, this conflict tend to aggravate.
This fundamentalism is to a certain degree understandable but not the right path to walk towards peace.
Luckily there are both Israelis and Palestinians who try to work together creating groups where they cooperate within different projects, political or cultural but the general impression is that those groups are becoming more and more marginalized, though I hope this is not the case.

Another problem I touched above is the surronding world and its different allegiances.
It's not only the superpower USA but the resurgent(?) superpower Russia and the future(?) superpower China and many other countries in the world displaying a more or less one-sided support, making this conflict even harder to resolve.
Both political leaders, different organisations, NGO:s (NGO Global Network) and others tend to make statements based on a a priori-understanding of this conflict.
This is not least visible in the recent debate after the incident with Ship to Gaza.
Even those not being on the boat or even in the countries around at the time of this incident, tend to "know" much more than is possible to know.
This is seen on Facebook but also in many other debate-foras.
The analysis are finished before they have begun.

Will there ever be peace in this area and will the Palestinians be able to create their own state in the future and if so what historical perspective do we talk about?

I'm very pessimistic about the situation - as are most people I think - and the region need other political leaders, both within Israel and Palestine but also in other countries, leaders who are equally open to the demands from both sides or at least try to work in that spirit.

One also need a change within these nations among citizens on both sides, not looking upon 'the others' as more or less parasites.
This is of course easier said than done as both sides have suffered a lot during the many decade long conflict.
Hopefully the above mentioned cultural cooperation between Palestinians and Israelis will continue and deapen, as I believe that the only way to create a greater understanding between these two groups of people, is through a greater knowledge about the way 'the other' live, think and express him-/herself on different levels.

This is equally important in this case as in the case with the European Union, who can't go on existing if not the humanities (philosophy, music, literature, film etc etc.) is given a greater role in society than economy.

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