fredag, februari 08, 2008

Recolonize Africa?

It seems as if the conflicts on the African continent are impossible to solve.
When people in the different African countries themselves seized power and now tries to rule their countries they're evidentally not able to do so?

Should these countries be 'recolonized' and brought into European or foreign rule again?

We have not - since WWII - experienced war on the European continent, if we exclude former Yugoslavia. Maybe we have the political and other tools to maintain peace also in Africa?

When debating the domestic problems in many countries on the African continent, people say that the conflicts and war between different groups in Africa is due to the influence from countries outside Africa during the colonial period.
The colonizing countries in Europe and elsewhere didn't show any respect at all for the traditional way of living, the customs and former borders between different countries etc. and this has caused the troubles we see today.

I think this is right to a great extent but there are also differences between 'tribes' or people belonging to different socio-cultural strata in the African countries, differences in opinions and way of living existing long before the colonial powers came to this continent.
War between countries, ethnic groups or 'tribes' did exist in pre-colonial times.

Some say that one shouldn't focus on the issue with different 'tribes' but instead concentrate on how to reconcile different groups of people regardless of their background, ethnic belonging and so on.
This is of course a good aim but when listening to representatives from many countries in Africa, discussing their domestic problems, they often refer to ethnic groups and also 'tribes'.
This latter word is sometimes regarded as patronizing and maybe it is.
On the other hand it always occurs when debating issues that divide different ideas of governing.

I don't think that the exhortation of this headline is neither possible nor desirable but how should the problems in Africa be solved?
In some countries like Sudan and Somalia the governments doesn't like the outside world to interfer in their domestic problems or 'internal affairs' as so often is said.
At the same time hundreds of thousands of people are refugees in their own country or neighbouring countries. Almost the same amount of people have been killed the last few years in interior conflicts in Africa.
For these people the question is, how they are going to survive and I don't think they care who interfers in order to solve their problems. They want to return to their homes and former lifes and live in peace.

Of course we can see analogies in Europe.
The problems in former Yugoslavia for example was to a great extent due to the conflicts between ethnic groups and how these differences where politicized by the leaders in different parts of Yugoslavia, striving for independence.

We can see the same thing in Africa.

This is something that came to the attention of the world with the problems in Rwanda and Burundi between hutus and tutsi's in 1994.
There had been ethnical conflicts before but the amount of people killed or slaughtered here was - as we all know - enormous and the cruelties unthinkable.
The analyses afterwards concerning the roats to the conflict where legio. One explanation was the question of ethnicism and belonging.
Political leaders who refuse help from other countries when there are great domestic conflicts is not exclusively a problem in Africa but all around the world. This is the case whether or not they have the support of their people, particularly when they have not, of course.

Finally, people are suffering in many African countries and it's of course mostly those who already are poor and were suffering before who are struck the hardest.
This fact is something one have to attend to in a more serious and dedicated manner than is the case at this very moment.
Not least is this true when it comes to the work carried out by the UN.
This organisation always try to flee its responsibilities by saying that the conflicts are to sever, making it impossible to send military and other staff to countries in need of help. This way of handling the problems is counterproductive.
Soldiers and other personnel working for the UN must be prepared to risk their life in their efforts to support countries around the world. If not they should seek other less dangerous occupations elsewhere and the UN should rephrase their statutes.





(Picture Africa copied from: http://www.freewebs.com/lacyrichmond/africa-map.gif)
(Picture map former Yugoslavia copied from: http://www.at-rejse-er-at-leve.dk/kort/egne/eksjugoslavien.gif)
(Picture map Sudan copied from: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Sudan_political_map_2000.jpg/250px-Sudan_political_map_2000.jpg)
(Picture map Somalia copied from: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-nPFkQQGfDOA/TiV_syqFBOI/AAAAAAAABEA/9LJwOoK3G1E/s400/somalia-2.jpg)
(Picture map Rwanda copied from: http://crlgrn.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/rwanda.jpg)
(Picture map Burundi copied from: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f2/By-map.png/250px-By-map.png)

0 commentaires: